Types of Birth Control : Numerous types of birth control options should be considered by ladies, men, or couples at some random point in the course of their lives while picking the most proper preventative strategy. These components incorporate wellbeing, viability, accessibility (counting openness and moderateness), and adequacy. Willful educated decision regarding prophylactic strategies is a fundamental core value, and preventative directing, when pertinent, may be a significant supporter of the fruitful utilization of prophylactic techniques.

In picking a technique for contraception, double security from the concurrent gamble for HIV and different STDs likewise ought to be thought of. Albeit hormonal contraceptives and IUDs are exceptionally successful at forestalling pregnancy, they don’t safeguard against STDs, including HIV. Predictable and right utilization of the male plastic condom decreases the gamble for HIV disease and different STDs, including chlamydial contamination, gonococcal disease, and trichomoniasis.

Most women are comfortable and familiar with using the Pill, though this is not always the most reliable method. Other methods known as LARCs or Long Acting Reversible Contraception can protect you for weeks or months at a time without you having to remember to do anything.

You and your health provider can talk about the best contraception for you.

The following is a brief description of all of your contraception choices.

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The male condom a type of birth control

The male condom is a fine rubber or synthetic sheath that is worn on a stiff (erect) penis. It collects the sperm and stops them entering your vagina and uterus. You can buy condoms from a chemist or supermarket. Condoms reduce the risk of both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection. Condoms are 98 per cent effective if they are used correctly.

Diaphragms a type of birth control

A diaphragm is a soft silicone cap worn inside the vagina to cover the entrance to the uterus (the cervix). It stops the sperm from getting into the uterus. A diaphragm can be used at any time, even during your period, and can be washed and used over and over again. A diaphragm has to be put in before having sex (up to 24 hours before) and removed after sex. When used correctly diaphragms are 94 per cent effective at preventing pregnancy.

The Pill type of birth control

Even though we use the expression ‘the Pill’, there are actually two main types of oral contraceptive pills.

The combined pill

This pill has two hormones, which stop the ovaries releasing an egg each month. You still bleed each month but not as much as usual. The combined pill can also bring relief for acne and premenstrual syndrome. Some women will have side-effects such as bloating, nausea, and minor weight gain. The combined pill is 99.7 per cent effective with perfect use.

The progestogen-only pill

(Mini pill or POP)

This pill has only one hormone and works by changing the mucus at the entrance to the womb (uterus) so that sperm cannot pass through to fertilize the egg.

The progestogen-only pill is different to the combined pill because it doesn’t stop ovulation. The POP is 99.7 per cent effective with perfect use.

If mistakes happen, such as missed pills, around one in ten women may get pregnant.

The vaginal ring a type of birth control

The vaginal ring contains the same two hormones that are in some types of the Pill.  It works in the same way as the Pill to prevent an egg being released each month.  The ring is placed high in the vagina and left in place for three weeks.  It is removed for one week to allow you to have a regular monthly bleed.  The vaginal ring is 99.7 per cent effective with perfect use. Like the Pill, 1 in 10 women (10 per cent) using a vaginal ring may get pregnant.

Emergency pill a type of birth control

(Sometimes called the ‘morning after pill’)

If you had sex without contraception, or you were using a condom that broke, you can take an emergency pill, which will prevent a pregnancy from happening.

Emergency pills are available from the chemist with no prescription. They must be started within three days (72 hours) after unprotected sex and they work best if taken as soon as possible after sex.

The contraceptive injection a type of birth control

DMPA (also called Depo Provera or Depo Ralovera) is an injection of a long-acting synthetic hormone. Women have the injection every 12 weeks for contraception. It can be used when breastfeeding. Some women will have side-effects, such as mood changes, tummy discomfort and headaches, which can last for up to 12 weeks.  Depo Provera is 99.8 per cent effective with perfect use.

Contraceptive skin implant

This is a small plastic rod, which is inserted underneath the skin on the inside of the upper arm. It slowly releases the synthetic hormone progestogen, which stops the ovaries releasing an egg each month. Most women will have a different bleeding pattern and some stop bleeding altogether. Some women will notice skin changes, mood changes or minor weight gain. It will last for three years and is a very effective method for preventing pregnancy (99.95per cent effective).

Intra Uterine Device (IUD)

This is a small contraceptive device that is placed in your uterus. There are two kinds of IUD:

Copper IUD – lasts five to ten years and is 99.4 per cent effective

Progestogen IUD – a type of birth control which is for, five years and is 99.8 per cent effective.

The IUD affects sperm movement and survival in the uterus (womb) so that they cannot reach the egg to fertilize it. The IUD also changes the lining of the womb (endometrium) so that it is not suitable for pregnancy. This prevents a fertilized egg from developing.

It is very effective long-term contraception.

Sterilization a type of birth control

Both men and women can have an operation to make them sterile. The woman’s operation involves blocking the fallopian tubes. It is done through the abdomen and is called a tubal occlusion and tubal ligation. The male operation is called a vasectomy. The operations are more than 99 per cent effective and are permanent. This method is for people who have already had all the children they want.

There are also now tiny inserts that can be placed inside a woman’s tubes by means of a special instrument. This procedure is done through the vagina and can be done while the woman is awake.

Natural types of birth control

The rhythm or Billings methods, fertility awareness, mucus, ovulation and temperature methods all provide ways for your to monitor where you are at in your cycle and when you are fertile. These methods are most effective when you have regular periods.  If they are done perfectly these methods are between 95 to 99.6 per cent effective. However, 5 in 20 women (25 per cent) may get pregnant using these methods.

Withdrawal a type of birth control

This is when the man takes his penis out of the vagina before he ejaculates and sperm is released from the penis. Which a type of birth controlThis doesn’t work if he forgets to withdraw his penis or is not quick enough. Also there may be some sperm in the pre-ejaculate (fluid that comes out of his penis before he ejaculates). If he ejaculates at the entrance to the vagina some sperm may still swim inside and a woman could still get pregnant with this method.  Perfect use of the withdrawal method is 96 per cent effective. Approximately 2 in 10 women get pregnant using this method of contraception.

Permanent types of Birth Control

Male and female permanent type of birth control

Female Sterilization—Tubal ligation or “tying tubes”— A woman can have her fallopian tubes tied (or closed) so that sperm and eggs cannot meet for fertilization. The procedure can be done in a hospital or in an outpatient surgical center. You can go home the same day of the surgery and resume your normal activities within a few days. This method is effective immediately. Typical use failure rate: 0.5%.1

Male Sterilization–Vasectomy a type of birth control

This operation is done to keep a man’s sperm from going to his penis, so his ejaculate never has any sperm in it that can fertilize an egg. The procedure is typically done at an outpatient surgical center. The man can go home the same day. Recovery time is less than one week. After the operation, a man visits his doctor for tests to count his sperm and to make sure the sperm count has dropped to zero; this takes about 12 weeks. Another form of birth control should be used until the man’s sperm count has dropped to zero. Typical use failure rate: 0.15%.1

Emergency Contraception a type of birth control

Emergency contraception is NOT a regular type of birth control. Emergency contraception can be used after no birth control was used during sex, or if the birth control method failed, such as if a condom broke.

Emergency contraception a type of birth control

Copper IUD—Women can have the copper T IUD inserted within five days of unprotected sex.

Emergency contraceptive pills type of birth control

Women can take emergency contraceptive pills which is a type of birth control up to 5 days after unprotected sex, but the sooner the pills are taken, the better they will work. There are three different types of emergency contraceptive pills available in the United States. Some emergency contraceptive pills are available over the counter.

Fertility Awareness-Based Methods type of birth control

Understanding your monthly fertility pattern external a type of birth control icon external icon can help you plan to get pregnant or avoid getting pregnant. Your fertility pattern is the number of days in the month when you are fertile (able to get pregnant), days when you are infertile, and days when fertility is unlikely, but possible. If you have a regular menstrual cycle, you have about nine or more fertile days each month. If you do not want to get pregnant, you do not have sex on the days you are fertile, or you use a barrier method of birth control on those days. Failure rates vary across these methods.1-2 Range of typical use failure rates: 2-23%.1

Lactation amenorrhea method Type of Birth Control

For women who have recently had a baby and are breastfeeding, the Lactation Amenorrhea Method (LAM)  a type of birth control can be used as birth control when three conditions are met: 1) amenorrhea (not having any menstrual periods after delivering a baby), 2) fully or nearly fully breastfeeding, and 3) less than 6 months after delivering a baby. LAM is a temporary method of birth control, and another birth control method must be used when any of the three conditions are not met.

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